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Type: Journal article
Title: Common and distinctive features in stimulus similarity: a modified version of the contrast model
Author: Navarro, D.
Lee, M.
Citation: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 2004; 11(6):961-974
Publisher: Psychonomic Soc Inc
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 1069-9384
Statement of
Navarro Daniel J. and Lee Michael D.
Abstract: Featural representations of similarity data assume that people represent stimuli in terms of a set of discrete properties. In this article, we consider the differences in featural representations that arise from making four different assumptions about how similarity is measured. Three of these similarity models—the common features model, the distinctive features model, and Tversky's seminal contrast model—have been considered previously. The other model is new and modifies the contrast model by assuming that each individual feature only ever acts as a common or distinctive feature. Each of the four models is tested on previously examined similarity data, relating to kinship terms, and on a new data set, relating to faces. In fitting the models, we have used the geometric complexity criterion to balance the competing demands of data–fit and model complexity. The results show that both common and distinctive features are important for stimulus representation, and we argue that the modified contrast model combines these two components in a more effective and interpretable way than Tversky's original formulation.
Keywords: Humans
Visual Perception
Models, Psychological
Middle Aged
Description: Copyright © 2004 Psychonomic Society
DOI: 10.3758/BF03196728
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Environment Institute publications
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