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Type: Journal article
Title: The barley MLO modulator of defense and cell death Is responsive to biotic and abiotic stress stimuli
Author: Piffanelli, P.
Zhou, F.
Casais, C.
Orme, J.
Jarosch, B.
Schaffrath, U.
Collins, N.
Panstruga, R.
Schulze-Lefert, P.
Citation: Plant Physiology, 2002; 129(3):1076-1085
Publisher: Amer Soc Plant Physiologists
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0032-0889
Statement of
Pietro Piffanelli, Fasong Zhou, Catarina Casais, James Orme, Birgit Jarosch, Ulrich Schaffrath, Nicholas C. Collins, Ralph Panstruga, and Paul Schulze-Lefert
Abstract: Lack of the barley (Hordeum vulgare) seven-transmembrane domain MLO protein confers resistance against the fungal pathogen Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (Bgh). To broaden the basis for MLO structure/function studies, we sequenced additional mlo resistance alleles, two of which confer only partial resistance. Wild-type MLO dampens the cell wall-restricted hydrogen peroxide burst at points of attempted fungal penetration of the epidermal cell wall, and in subtending mesophyll cells, it suppresses a second oxidative burst and cell death. Although the Bgh-induced cell death in mlo plants is spatially and temporally separated from resistance, we show that the two processes are linked. Uninoculated mutant mlo plants exhibit spontaneous mesophyll cell death that appears to be part of accelerated leaf senescence. Mlo transcript abundance increases in response to Bgh, rice (Oryza sativa) blast, wounding, paraquat treatment, a wheat powdery mildew-derived carbohydrate elicitor, and during leaf senescence. This suggests a broad involvement of Mlo in cell death protection and in responses to biotic and abiotic stresses.
Keywords: Cell Wall
Plant Leaves
Hydrogen Peroxide
Plant Proteins
Plant Diseases
Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
RNA Splicing
Stress, Mechanical
Immunity, Innate
DOI: 10.1104/pp.010954
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 6
Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics publications

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