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Type: Journal article
Title: Diverse plant and animal genetic records from Holocene and Pleistocene sediments
Author: Willerslev, E.
Hansen, A.
Binladen, J.
Brand, T.
Gilbert, M.
Shapiro, B.
Bunce, M.
Wiuf, C.
Gilichinsky, D.
Cooper, A.
Citation: Science, 2003; 300(5620):791-795
Publisher: Amer Assoc Advancement Science
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 0036-8075
Statement of
Eske Willerslev, Anders J. Hansen, Jonas Binladen, Tina B. Brand, M. Thomas P. Gilbert, Beth Shapiro, Mike Bunce, Carsten Wiuf, David A. Gilichinsky, Alan Cooper
Abstract: Genetic analyses of permafrost and temperate sediments reveal that plant and animal DNA may be preserved for considerable time periods, even in the absence of obvious macrofossils. In Siberia, five permafrost cores ranging from 400-10 thousand years (kyr) contained at least 19 different plant taxa, including the oldest authenticated ancient DNA sequences known, and megafaunal sequences including mammoth, bison, and horse. The genetic data record a number of dramatic changes in the taxonomic diversity and composition of Beringian vegetation and fauna. Temperate cave sediments in New Zealand also yielded DNA sequences of extinct biota, including two species of ratite moa, and 29 plant taxa characteristic of the prehuman environment. Therefore, many sedimentary deposits may contain unique, and widespread, genetic records of paleoenvironments.
Keywords: Animals; Vertebrates; Mammals; Plants; Angiosperms; Bryopsida; Gymnosperms; DNA; DNA, Chloroplast; DNA, Mitochondrial; DNA, Plant; Soil; Cloning, Molecular; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Ecosystem; Phylogeny; Base Sequence; Geologic Sediments; Fossils; History, Ancient; Siberia; New Zealand
Description: Copyright © 2003 American Association for the Advancement of Science
RMID: 0020063665
DOI: 10.1126/science.1084114
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Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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