Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/34616
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Type: Journal article
Title: α-Tocopherol modulates the low density lipoprotein receptor of human HepG2 cells-Tocopherol modulates the low density lipoprotein receptor of human HepG2 cells
Other Titles: alpha-Tocopherol modulates the low density lipoprotein receptor of human HepG2 cells-Tocopherol modulates the low density lipoprotein receptor of human HepG2 cells
Author: Pal, S.
Thomson, A.
Bottema, C.
Roach, P.
Citation: Nutrition Journal, 2003; 2(1):3-13
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 1475-2891
1475-2891
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Sebely Pal, Andrew M Thomson, Cynthia DK Bottema and Paul D Roach
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of vitamin E (α-tocopherol) on the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor, a cell surface protein which plays an important role in controlling blood cholesterol. Human HepG2 hepatoma cells were incubated for 24 hours with increasing amounts of α, δ, or γ-tocopherol. The LDL receptor binding activity, protein and mRNA, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase mRNA, cell cholesterol and cell lathosterol were measured. The effect of α-tocopherol was biphasic. Up to a concentration of 50 μM, α-tocopherol progressively increased LDL receptor binding activity, protein and mRNA to maximum levels 2, 4 and 6-fold higher than control, respectively. The HMG-CoA reductase mRNA and the cell lathosterol concentration, indices of cholesterol synthesis, were also increased by 40% over control by treatment with 50 μM α-tocopherol. The cell cholesterol concentration was decreased by 20% compared to control at 50 μM α-tocopherol. However, at α-tocopherol concentrations higher than 50 μM, the LDL receptor binding activity, protein and mRNA, the HMG-CoA reductase mRNA and the cell lathosterol and cholesterol concentrations all returned to control levels. The biphasic effect on the LDL receptor was specific for α-tocopherol in that δ and γ-tocopherol suppressed LDL receptor binding activity, protein and mRNA at all concentrations tested despite the cells incorporating similar amounts of the three homologues. In conclusion, α-tocopherol, exhibits a specific, concentration-dependent and biphasic "up then down" effect on the LDL receptor of HepG2 cells which appears to be at the level of gene transcription. Cholesterol synthesis appears to be similarly affected and the cell cholesterol concentration may mediate these effects.
Keywords: Vitamin E; α-tocopherol; LDL receptor; HepG2 cells; HMG-CoA reductase; cholesterol
Description: © 2003 Pal et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL.
RMID: RQF0000041
DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-2-3
Published version: http://www.nutritionj.com/content/2/1/3/abstract
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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