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|Title:||Injection of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the rostral ventrolateral medulla increases arterial blood pressure in anaesthetized rats|
|Citation:||Neuroscience, 2002; 112(4):967-975|
|Publisher:||Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd|
|H. Wang and X. -F. Zhou|
|Abstract:||Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a unique neurotrophin which not only supports the development of neurons but also modulates the synaptic activity in a number of neuronal systems. BDNF is synthesized in neurons, anterogradely transported and released from nerve terminals and exerts acute effects on synaptic transmission in both peripheral and central nervous systems. Previous studies have shown that BDNF is distributed in several groups of neurons in the brain stem which regulate cardiovascular functions. Here we showed that injection of BDNF (40–400 ng/100 nl) into the rostral ventrolateral medulla resulted in a significant increase in arterial blood pressure (Δ35.5±3.5 mmHg) in rats. The duration of change in blood pressure was 145±40 s with a latency of 3–5 s. There was no significant effect on the heart rate. The injection of glutamate as a positive control also triggered an increase in blood pressure. Injection of phosphate-buffered saline as a control or the same amount of nerve growth factor did not cause significant changes in blood pressure in different preparations. Immunohistochemistry showed that the nerve terminals immunoreactive for BDNF were localized in several brain stem regions and terminate around spinal projection neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla. Neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla can uptake exogenous BDNF and express the high affinity receptor trkB. From these results we suggest that BNDF in the medulla may play a role in the regulation of blood pressure.|
|Keywords:||brain-derived neurotrophic factor; neurotrophins; trkB; spinal cord; cardiovascular|
|Appears in Collections:||Molecular and Biomedical Science publications|
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