Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/34970
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Type: Journal article
Title: Vortical flow. Part 1. Flow through a constant-diameter pipe
Author: Mattner, T.
Joubert, P.
Chong, M.
Citation: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2002; 463:259-291
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0022-1120
1469-7645
Abstract: This paper describes an exploration of the behaviour and properties of swirling flow through a constant-diameter pipe. The experiments reveal a complicated transition process as the swirl intensity [Omega] is increased at fixed pipe Reynolds number Re [approximate] 4900. For [Omega] [less-than-or-eq, slant] 1.09, the vortex was steady, laminar, axisymmetric, and developed slowly with streamwise distance. The upstream velocity profiles were similar to those commonly appearing in the literature in similar apparatus. Spiral vortex breakdown appeared in the test section for 1.09 [less-than-or-eq, slant] [Omega] [less-than-or-eq, slant] 1.31 and was associated with a localized transition from jet-like to wake-like mean axial velocity profiles. Further increase in [Omega] caused the breakdown to move upstream of the test section. Downstream, the core of the post-breakdown flow was unsteady and recovered toward jet-like profiles with streamwise distance. At [Omega] = 2.68, a global transition occurred in which the mean axial velocity profiles suddenly developed an annular axial velocity deficit. At the same time, disturbances began to appear in the outer flow. Further increase in [Omega] eventually led to an annulus of reversed axial flow and a completely unsteady vortex.
Rights: Copyright © 2002 Cambridge University Press
RMID: 0020063950
DOI: 10.1017/S0022112002008741
Appears in Collections:Mathematical Sciences publications

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