Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/35551
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Type: Journal article
Title: Serum and mucosal antibody respnses to pneumococcal protein antigens in children: relationships with carriage status
Author: Zhang, Q.
Bernatoniene, J.
Bagrade, L.
Pollard, A.
Mitchell, T.
Paton, J.
Finn, A.
Citation: European Journal of Immunology, 2006; 36(1):46-57
Publisher: Wiley-V C H Verlag GMBH
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0014-2980
1521-4141
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Qibo Zhang, Jolanta Bernatoniene, Linda Bagrade, Andrew J. Pollard , Timothy J. Mitchell , James C. Paton, Adam Finn
Abstract: Streptococcus pneumoniae causes significant morbidity and mortality especially in children. Some pneumococcal protein antigens can protect mice against infection. Little information is available concerning the nature of naturally acquired protective immunity to pneumococci in humans induced by these antigens. This study investigates the relationships between systemic and local antibody production and carriage in children. Children undergoing adenoidectomy (n=112, ages 2-12 years) were studied. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected for pneumococcal culture. Serum and saliva were assayed for antibodies to several pneumococcal proteins: choline binding protein A (CbpA), pneumolysin (Ply), pneumococcal surface adhesin A (PsaA) and pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA). Adenoidal mononuclear cells (MNC) were cultured with pneumococcal culture supernatants or recombinant proteins. Cell culture supernatants were analyzed for antigen-specific antibodies. Carriage rates fell with age and serum levels of anti-CbpA, Ply and PspA rose. Anti-CbpA and -Ply serum and salivary IgG antibody levels were higher in children who were culture negative than those who were colonized. Antigen stimulation increased respective antigen-specific IgG production by adenoidal MNC and these responses were greater in those who were colonized than in culture-negative children. Antibodies to CbpA and Ply may protect children aged 2 years and older against pneumococcal colonization. Adenoids may be important local induction and effector sites for both mucosal and systemic antibody production to pneumococcal proteins in children.
Keywords: antibodies
Bacterial infection
Immune responses
Mucosal immunology
Vaccines
Description: The definitive version may be found at www.wiley.com
DOI: 10.1002/eji.200535101
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 6
Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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