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|Title:||Physical activity and its effects on reproduction|
|Author:||Redman, Leanne Maree|
|Citation:||Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 2006; 12 (5):579-586|
|School/Discipline:||School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health : Obstetrics and Gynaecology|
|Abstract:||The reproductive system is tightly coupled with energy balance, and thereby changes in the status of energy balance through changes in physical activity can impact on the reproductive system. In light of the new physical activity for health recommendations, it is therefore important to understand the inherent effects, both positive and negative, of physical activity on the reproductive system. At both extremes of the energy spectrum, disorders of chronic energy excess and energy deficiency are characterized by a wide range of reproductive disorders, including menstrual irregularity, anovulation, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and infertility in women, and erectile dysfunction and altered spermatogenesis in men. Although laboratory research indicates that individuals may be able to prevent or reverse reproductive disruptions, either by increasing energy expenditure in cases of energy excess or by dietary reform in cases of energy deficits, there is an acute need for applied research to confirm this idea and to identify mechanisms by which the availability of energy per se regulates reproductive function in humans.|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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