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|Title:||Non-linear chromosomal inversion response in prostate after low dose X-radiation exposure|
|Citation:||Mutation Research-Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 2006; 602(1-2):65-73|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Guoxin Zeng, Tanya K. Day, Antony M. Hooker, Benjamin J. Blyth, Madhava Bhat, Wayne D. Tilley and Pamela J. Sykes|
|Abstract:||Somatic intrachromosomal recombination can result in inversions and deletions in DNA, which are important mutations in cancer. The pKZ1 chromosomal inversion assay is a sensitive assay for studying the effects of DNA damaging agents using chromosomal inversion as a mutation end-point. We have previously demonstrated that the chromosomal inversion response in pKZ1 spleen after single low doses of X-radiation exposure does not follow the linear no-threshold dose-response model. Here, we optimised a chromosomal inversion screening method to study the effect of low dose X-radiation exposure in pKZ1 prostatic tissue. In the present study, a significant induction in inversions was observed after ultra-low doses of 0.005-0.01 mGy or after a high dose of 1000 mGy, whereas a reduction in inversions to below the sham-treated frequency was observed between 1 and 10 mGy exposure. This is the first report of a reduction to below endogenous frequency for any mutation end-point in prostate. In addition, the doses of radiation studied were at least three orders of magnitude lower than have been reported in other mutation assays in prostate in vivo or in vitro. In sham-treated pKZ1 controls and in pKZ1 mice treated with low doses of 1-10 mGy the number of inversions/gland cross-section rarely exceeded three. Up to 4 and 7 inversions were observed in individual prostatic gland cross-sections after doses < or =0.02 mGy and after 1000 mGy, respectively. The number of inversions identified in individual cross-sections of prostatic glands of untreated mice and all treated mice other than the 1000 mGy treatment group followed a Poisson distribution. The dose-response curves and fold changes observed after all radiation doses studied were similar in spleen and prostate. These results suggest that the pKZ1 assay is measuring a fundamental response to DNA damage after low dose X-radiation exposure which is independent of tissue type.|
|Keywords:||Non-linear dose response; Low dose radiation; Chromosomal inversion; pKZ1 recombination assay; Prostate|
|Rights:||© 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics publications|
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