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Type: Journal article
Title: Joint symbolic dynamic analysis of beat-to-beat interactions of heart rate and systolic blood pressure in normal pregnancy
Author: Baumert, M.
Walther, T.
Hopfe, J.
Stepan, R.
Faber, R.
Voss, A.
Citation: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 2002; 740(2):241-245
Publisher: Peter Peregrinus Ltd
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0140-0118
Statement of
M. Baumert, T. Walther, J. Hopfe, H. Stepan, R. Faber and A. Voss
Abstract: Pregnancy induces important changes in the autonomic control. Measures of heart rate (HR) variability and systolic blood pressure (SP) variability are sensitive to those changes. The interactions between HR and SP are complex and strongly non-linear. Therefore they cannot be completely described by linear analysis techniques. A study of joint symbolic dynamics is presented as a new short-term non-linear analysis method to investigate the interactions between HR and SP. Continuous, non-invasive 30 min blood pressure recordings (Portapres) of 25 pregnant and 14 non-pregnant women were analysed. Time series of beat-to-beat HR and SP were extracted. Using the concept of joint symbolic dynamics, HR and SP changes were transformed into a bivariate symbol vector. Subsequently, this symbol vector was transformed into a word series (words consisting of three successive symbols), and the probability of occurrence of each word type was calculated and compared between both groups. Significant differences were found in five word types between pregnant and non-pregnant women: w0,4(0.021±0.011 against 0.008±0.006; p=0.022), w4,6(0.020±0.010 against 0.007±0.003; p=0.001), w3,2(0.004±0.003 against 0.007±0.003; p=0.038), w6,5(0.009±0.007 against 0.023±0.008; p<0.001) and w3,6(0.011±0.007 against 0.023±0.008; p=0.001). Joint symbolic dynamics provides an efficient non-linear representation of HR and SP interactions that offers simple physiological interpretations.
Keywords: Heart rate variability
Blood pressure variability
Symbolic dynamics
Description: The original publication is available at
DOI: 10.1007/BF02348131
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 6
Electrical and Electronic Engineering publications

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