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Type: Journal article
Title: SPECSIM2: a program for spectral simulation of anisotropic two-dimensional random fields
Author: Pardo-Iguzquiza, E.
Dowd, P.
Citation: Computers and Geosciences, 2003; 29(8):1013-1020
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 0098-3004
Abstract: The authors describe the structure and implementation of SPECSIM2, an ANSI Fortran-77 program for simulating anisotropic two-dimensional random fields via a spectral approach. This new program overcomes the limitation of the previously published version (Pardo-Igúzquiza and Chica-Olmo, Comput. Geosci. 20 (4) (1994) 597), which was confined to the direct generation of isotropic fields with any anisotropy imposed by a subsequent co-ordinate transformation. The diagonal symmetry of the two-dimensional covariance function with respect to the origin, i.e. C(x,y)=C(−x,−y) and C(x,−y)=C(−x,y), implies that its Fourier transform (i.e. the spectral density) is real (the imaginary part vanishes). This observation leads to a straightforward direct simulation of anisotropic fields by the spectral method. Examples are given to demonstrate the performance of the method using semi-variograms with or without nugget effects and with simple or nested structures, as well random fields with several structures that have different anisotropy angles.
Keywords: Geostatistics
Spectral simulation
Spectral density
Amplitude spectrum
Fast Fourier transform
Description: Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/S0098-3004(03)00102-X
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Civil and Environmental Engineering publications

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