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dc.contributor.advisorDoherty, Kathleen V.en
dc.contributor.advisorLyons, Bruceen
dc.contributor.authorDewar, Andrea L.en
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding the factors that regulate the growth and differentiation of haemopoietic stem cells (HSC) remains a major challenge. In this study, the proliferation and differentiation of CD34+ cells from normal donors and chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients was compared. The proliferation and entry of CML cells into the cell cycle was decreased relative to cells from normal donors, and greater heterogeneity in the phenotype of CML cells at the initiation of culture was observed. Analysis of phenotype concomitant with cell division also demonstrated that the differentiation of normal CD34+ cells was consistent between donors, while marked variability was observed in the differentiation of CD34+ cells from CML patients. This included expression of CD13, CD33, CD38 and HLA-DR, which were linked to cell division in normal but not CML cells. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor, imatinib, is a novel drug displaying promising results in the treatment of CML by specifically inhibiting the growth of leukaemic cells. To examine whether myelosuppression observed in patients treated with imatinib may arise from inhibition of normal haemopoiesis, imatinib was added to colony assays established using cells from normal bone marrow. Suppression of monocyte/macrophage growth, but not that of eosinophils or neutrophils, was observed at therapeutic concentrations of imatinib. Inhibition of monocytic differentiation to macrophages was also observed and was associated with decreased functional capacity such as altered antigen uptake, production of proinflammatory cytokines and stimulation of responder cells. The specific suppression of monocyte/macrophage differentiation and function was not due to blockade of tyrosine kinases known to be inhibited by imatinib and was consistent with an inhibition of the M-CSF/c-fms signalling pathway. This hypothesis was tested using a cell line that was dependent on M-CSF for growth and survival. Cell proliferation and phosphorylation of c-fms were inhibited at an IC50 of 1.9μM and 1.4μM imatinib respectively and this was not attributable to decreased c-fms expression. These important findings therefore identify c-fms as a further target of imatinib, and suggest that imatinib should be considered for treatment of diseases where c-fms is implicated. This includes breast and ovarian cancer and inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Potential side effects resulting from imatinib treatment must also be considered.en
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dc.subjectchronic myeloid leukemia, gene therapy, hematopoietic stem cells, hematopoiesis, imatiniben
dc.titleHaemopoiesis, leukaemia & imatinib: c-fms, a novel target for small molecule inhibitor therapy.en
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Medicineen
dc.provenanceThis electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exception. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available or If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
dc.description.dissertationThesis (Ph.D.)--School of Medicine, 2004.en
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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