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dc.contributor.advisorTeubner, Michael Daviden
dc.contributor.authorMcInerney, David Johnen
dc.description.abstractIn this study, the development and testing of a finite-difference model for wind-induced flow in shallow lakes, and, in particular, a new technique for improving the land--water boundary representation, are documented. The model solves nonlinear, as well as linear, versions of the two-dimensional depth-integrated shallow water equations. Finite-difference methods on rectangular grids are widely used in numerical models of environmental flows. In these models, land--water boundaries are usually approximated by a series of perpendicular line segments, which enable the impermeability condition to be easily implemented. A disadvantage of this approach is that the actual boundary is often poorly approximated, particularly in regions which have complicated coastlines, and, as a result, currents in these regions cannot be accurately predicted. A technique for improving the land--water boundary representation in finite-difference models is introduced. This technique permits the model boundary to contain diagonal line segments, in addition to the vertical and horizontal line segments used in traditional models. The new technique is based on a simple concept and can easily be included in existing finite-difference models. In order to test the new method, the linearised shallow water equations are solved numerically for oscillatory wind-driven flow in lakes with simple geometry. Predictions obtained using the new approach are compared with predictions from the traditional stepped boundary and known analytic solutions. A significant improvement in the accuracy of results is noticed when the new approach is used, particularly in currents close to shore. The increased accuracy obtained using the improved boundary representation can lead to a significant computational saving, when compared with running the rectangular grid model with smaller grid spacings. A second-order analytic solution to the nonlinear shallow water equations is developed for oscillatory wind-driven flow in a rectangular lake. Comparisons between this solution and numerical results, obtained using the traditional stepped boundary and the improved boundary, verify the finite-difference formulae used in these models, including the approximations used for the cross-advective terms close to shore. Once more, currents are predicted with greater accuracy when the new technique for representing the land--water boundary is implemented. The lake circulation model is applied to the Lower Murray Lakes, South Australia, and predicted water levels at Tauwitchere Barrage are shown to agree very well with observations. The model is then used to examine the effectiveness of two schemes that have been proposed to increase wind-induced circulation, and therefore potentially decrease salinity, in Lake Albert, demonstrating the model's use as an efficient and effective tool for analysing flow behaviour in lakes.en
dc.format.extent2625173 bytesen
dc.format.extent68878 bytesen
dc.subjectfinite-difference, triangular grid, shallow lakes, land-water boundary, wind-driven flow, analytic solution, Lower Murray Lakesen
dc.titleA triangular grid finite-difference model for wind-induced circulation in shallow lakesen
dc.contributor.schoolMathematical Sciences (Applied Mathematics)en
dc.description.dissertationThesis (Ph.D.)--Mathematical Sciences (Applied Mathematics), 2005.en
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