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|Title:||PIV measurements of a turbulent jet issuing from round sharp-edged plate|
|Citation:||Experiments in Fluids, 2007; 42(4):625-637|
|J. Mi, P. Kalt, G. J. Nathan and C. Y. Wong|
|Abstract:||An experimental investigation is presented of a turbulent jet issuing from a round sharp-edged orifice plate (OP) into effectively unbounded surroundings. Planar measurements of velocity were conducted using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) in the near and transition regions. The Reynolds number, based on the jet initial diameter and velocity, is approximately 72,000. The instantaneous and mean velocities, Reynolds normal and shear stresses were obtained. The centerline velocity decay and the halfvelocity radius were derived from the mean velocity. It is revealed that primary coherent structures occur in the near field of the OP jet and that they are typically distributed asymmetrically with respect to the nozzle axis. Comparison of the present PIV and previous hotwire measurements for the OP jet suggests that high initial turbulence intensity leads to reduced rates of decay and spread of the mean flow field and moreover a lower rate of variation of the turbulence intensity. Results also show that self-similarity of the mean flow is well established from the transition region while the turbulent statistics are far from self-similar within the measured range to 16 diameters.|
|Description:||The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Mechanical Engineering publications|
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