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Type: Journal article
Title: Amplified RNA degradation in T7-amplification methods results in biased microarray hybridizations
Author: Spiess, A.
Muller, N.
Ivell, R.
Citation: BMC Genomics, 2003; 4(1):44-56
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 1471-2164
Statement of
Andrej-Nikolai Spiess, Nadine Mueller, and Richard Ivell
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The amplification of RNA with the T7-System is a widely used technique for obtaining increased amounts of RNA starting from limited material. The amplified RNA (aRNA) can subsequently be used for microarray hybridizations, warranting sufficient signal for image analysis. We describe here an amplification-time dependent degradation of aRNA in prolonged standard T7 amplification protocols, that results in lower average size aRNA and decreased yields. RESULTS: A time-dependent degradation of amplified RNA (aRNA) could be observed when using the classical "Eberwine" T7-Amplification method. When the amplification was conducted for more than 4 hours, the resulting aRNA showed a significantly smaller size distribution on gel electrophoresis and a concomitant reduction of aRNA yield. The degradation of aRNA could be correlated to the presence of the T7 RNA Polymerase in the amplification cocktail. The aRNA degradation resulted in a strong bias in microarray hybridizations with a high coefficient of variation and a significant reduction of signals of certain transcripts, that seem to be susceptible to this RNA degrading activity. The time-dependent degradation of these transcripts was verified by a real-time PCR approach. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to perform amplifications not longer than 4 hours as there is a characteristic 'quality vs. yield' situation for longer amplification times. When conducting microarray hybridizations it is important not to compare results obtained with aRNA from different amplification times.
Keywords: RNA
T7 Polymerase
Description: © 2003 Spiess et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL.
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-4-44
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Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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