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Type: Journal article
Title: Cultural consistency in Australian dental students from two different ethnic backgrounds
Author: Marino, R.
Stuart, G.
Winning, T.
Morgan, M.
Thomson, W.
Marshall, R.
Gotjamanos, T.
Citation: Journal of Dental Education, 2004; 68(11):1178-1184
Publisher: American Association of Dental Schools
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 0022-0337
Statement of
Rodrigo J. Mariño, Geoffrey W. Stuart, Tracey Winning, Michael V. Morgan, W. Murray Thomson, Roderick I. Marshall, Theo Gotjamanos
Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the value orientations of dental students from different ethnic backgrounds studying in Australian dental schools. A ninety-eight-item questionnaire was used to collect the data, including fifteen subscales developed consistent with the Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck value orientation model. To compare the value orientation structure and to determine if any ethnic differences existed, a multivariate analysis of variance called profile analysis was performed on the fifteen value subscales. Of the 401 participants, 30.2 percent were Anglo-Australian and 44.9 percent were Asian. The remainder (24.9 percent) were "Other—background residents" or "Other—international students." This article presents data from Asian (n=184) and Anglo-Australian (n=124) background respondents. Mean age was 21.7 years (s.e. 0.35 years) among Anglo-Australian and 20.8 years (s.e. 0.17 years) among Asians. Asians born overseas represented 70.7 percent (n=130) of this group. Of Australia-born Asians (n=54), 90.6 percent were first-generation Australians. When comparing their value profile, we found a significant association between ethnicity and value orientation profile scores (p<0.05). Despite the significant overall result, the strength of the association (2=0.007) indicated that this effect was trivial relative to the unexplained variance in value orientation. The findings suggest that, behind an apparent ethnic diversity, a single distinctive value profile might exist to which the majority of dental students subscribe.
Keywords: culture
value orientations
dental students
Rights: Copyright © 2004 American Dental Education Association
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Dentistry publications

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