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Type: Journal article
Title: Can hybridization cause local extinction: a case for demographic swamping of the Australian native Senecio pinnatifolius by the invasive Senecio madagascariensis?
Author: Prentis, P.
White, E.
Radford, I.
Lowe, A.
Clarke, A.
Citation: New Phytologist, 2007; 176(4):902-912
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0028-646X
Abstract: Hybridization between native and invasive species can have several outcomes, including enhanced weediness in hybrid progeny, evolution of new hybrid lineages and decline of hybridizing species. Whether there is a decline of hybridizing species largely depends on the relative frequencies of parental taxa and the viability of hybrid progeny. Here, the individual- and population-level consequences of hybridization between the Australian native Senecio pinnatifolius and the exotic Senecio madagascariensis were investigated with amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers, and this information was used to estimate the annual loss of viable seeds to hybridization. A high frequency (range 8.3-75.6%) of hybrids was detected in open pollinated seeds of both species, but mature hybrids were absent from sympatric populations. A hybridization advantage was observed for S. madagascariensis, where significantly more progeny than expected were sired based on proportional representation of the two species in sympatric populations. Calculations indicated that S. pinnatifolius would produce less viable seed than S. madagascariensis, if hybridization was frequency dependent and S. madagascariensis reached a frequency of between 10 and 60%. For this native-exotic species pair, prezygotic isolating barriers are weak, but low hybrid viability maintains a strong postzygotic barrier to introgression. As a result of asymmetric hybridization, S. pinnatifolius would appear to be under threat if S. madagascariensis increases numerically in areas of contact.
Keywords: amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), demographic swamping, hybrid viability, invasive species, Senecio , triploid
Description: The definitive version is available at
RMID: 0020073586
DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02217.x
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Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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