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|Title:||Association between length of stay and morbidity in chronic airflow limitation|
|Citation:||International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 2000; 12(1):41-46|
|Publisher:||Oxford Univ Press|
|Abstract:||<h4>Objective</h4>To examine factors which impact on the length of stay and readmission for patients with chronic airflow limitation at a South Australian hospital from December 1996 until March 1998.<h4>Design</h4>Discharges from Flinders Medical Centre for patients aged > or = 18 years, where chronic airflow limitation was an active problem, and including a subset with a primary diagnosis of chronic airflow limitation, were identified, retrospectively, by the center's Clinical Coding Service from the hospital's in-patient separation database.<h4>Setting</h4>Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia.<h4>Outcome measures</h4>Length of stay; number of co-morbidities; readmission within 28 days.<h4>Results</h4>Five-hundred and twenty discharges (male:female, 258:262) with a primary diagnosis of chronic airflow limitation (ANDRG-3 177, chronic obstructive airways disease) were identified. Readmission within 28 days was related to the number of co-morbidities and to age. A relationship between length of stay and the number of co-morbidities was identified. A mean length of stay of 6.39 days was found for patients with less than five co-morbidities, 5.36 at their first admission to Flinders Medical Centre and 3.25 at their first admission to Flinders Medical Centre with no co-morbidities. These mean lengths of stay fall below overseas data previously published and are consistent with Kong's estimate of an ideal mean length of stay of 3.2 days when a clinical management guideline is used in low-risk chronic airflow limitation patients.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Length of stay and readmission to hospital within 28 days of patients with a primary diagnosis of chronic airflow limitation is at least partly related to the number of co-morbidities and to age. The study has highlighted the difficulty of relying on changes to aggregate data as outcome measures for these patients.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Lung Diseases, Obstructive; Length of Stay; Patient Discharge; Patient Readmission; Comorbidity; Adult; South Australia; Outcome Assessment, Health Care|
|Appears in Collections:||Public Health publications|
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