Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/4152
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Type: Journal article
Title: Association between length of stay and morbidity in chronic airflow limitation
Author: Crockett, A.
Cranston, J.
Moss, J.
Alpers, J.
Citation: International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 2000; 12(1):41-46
Publisher: Oxford Univ Press
Issue Date: 2000
ISSN: 1353-4505
1464-3677
Abstract: <h4>Objective</h4>To examine factors which impact on the length of stay and readmission for patients with chronic airflow limitation at a South Australian hospital from December 1996 until March 1998.<h4>Design</h4>Discharges from Flinders Medical Centre for patients aged > or = 18 years, where chronic airflow limitation was an active problem, and including a subset with a primary diagnosis of chronic airflow limitation, were identified, retrospectively, by the center's Clinical Coding Service from the hospital's in-patient separation database.<h4>Setting</h4>Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia.<h4>Outcome measures</h4>Length of stay; number of co-morbidities; readmission within 28 days.<h4>Results</h4>Five-hundred and twenty discharges (male:female, 258:262) with a primary diagnosis of chronic airflow limitation (ANDRG-3 177, chronic obstructive airways disease) were identified. Readmission within 28 days was related to the number of co-morbidities and to age. A relationship between length of stay and the number of co-morbidities was identified. A mean length of stay of 6.39 days was found for patients with less than five co-morbidities, 5.36 at their first admission to Flinders Medical Centre and 3.25 at their first admission to Flinders Medical Centre with no co-morbidities. These mean lengths of stay fall below overseas data previously published and are consistent with Kong's estimate of an ideal mean length of stay of 3.2 days when a clinical management guideline is used in low-risk chronic airflow limitation patients.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Length of stay and readmission to hospital within 28 days of patients with a primary diagnosis of chronic airflow limitation is at least partly related to the number of co-morbidities and to age. The study has highlighted the difficulty of relying on changes to aggregate data as outcome measures for these patients.
Keywords: Humans; Lung Diseases, Obstructive; Length of Stay; Patient Discharge; Patient Readmission; Comorbidity; Adult; South Australia; Outcome Assessment, Health Care
RMID: 0001000182
DOI: 10.1093/intqhc/12.1.41
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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