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|Title:||Chemical changes and phosphorus release during decomposition of pea residues in soil|
|Citation:||Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2007; 39(10):2696-2699|
|Publisher:||Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd|
|K.V. Ha, P. Marschner, E.K. Bünemann, and R.J. Smernik|
|Abstract:||To study C chemistry and nutrient dynamics in decomposing residues and P dynamics at the residue–soil interface, young pea (Pea-Y) and mature pea (Pea-M) residues were incubated in a sandy soil with low P availability. The study was conducted in microcosms in which the residues were separated from the soil by a nylon mesh. Controls consisted of microcosms without residues. Residues and the soil in the immediate vicinity of the nylon mesh were sampled after 5, 15, 28, 42 and 61 days. Residue chemistry was studied by 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and determination of C, N and P concentrations. Compared to Pea-M, Pea-Y was characterised by higher N and P concentrations, higher percentage of proteins, esters, fatty acids and sugars, and was more easily decomposable in the first 15 days. Pea-M residues had a greater percentage of cellulose and other polysaccharides than Pea-Y and showed a more gradual loss in dry weight. Differences in C chemistry and N and P concentration between the residues decreased with time. The decomposition of Pea-Y and Pea-M residues resulted in an increase in microbial P in the residue–soil interface compared to the control, but available P was increased only in the vicinity of Pea-Y residues.|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest|
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
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