Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/43777
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Type: Journal article
Title: Theoretical analysis of epigenetic cell memory by nucleosome modification
Author: Dodd, I.
Micheelsen, M.
Sneppen, K.
Thon, G.
Citation: Cell, 2007; 129(4):813-822
Publisher: Cell Press
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0092-8674
1097-4172
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Ian B. Dodd, Mille A. Micheelsen, Kim Sneppen and Geneviève Thon
Abstract: Chromosomal regions can adopt stable and heritable alternative states resulting in bistable gene expression without changes to the DNA sequence. Such epigenetic control is often associated with alternative covalent modifications of histones. The stability and heritability of the states are thought to involve positive feedback where modified nucleosomes recruit enzymes that similarly modify nearby nucleosomes. We developed a simplified stochastic model for dynamic nucleosome modification based on the silent mating-type region of the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. We show that the mechanism can give strong bistability that is resistant both to high noise due to random gain or loss of nucleosome modifications and to random partitioning upon DNA replication. However, robust bistability required: (1) cooperativity, the activity of more than one modified nucleosome, in the modification reactions and (2) that nucleosomes occasionally stimulate modification beyond their neighbor nucleosomes, arguing against a simple continuous spreading of nucleosome modification.
Keywords: Cell Nucleus; Nucleosomes; Schizosaccharomyces; Chromosomal Instability; Stochastic Processes; DNA Replication; Epigenesis, Genetic; Models, Biological; Feedback, Physiological
RMID: 0020070778
DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2007.02.053
Description (link): http://www.cell.com/
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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