Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/43798
Citations
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
?
?
Type: Journal article
Title: Comparison of in vivo and in vitro methodologies for the assessment of arsenic bioavailability in contaminated soils
Author: Juhasz, A.
Smith, E.
Weber, J.
Rees, M.
Rofe, A.
Kuchel, T.
Sansom, L.
Naidu, R.
Citation: Chemosphere, 2007; 69(6):961-966
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0045-6535
1879-1298
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Albert L. Juhasz, Euan Smith, John Weber, Matthew Rees, Allan Rofe, Tim Kuchel, Lloyd Sansom, Ravi Naidu
Abstract: An in vivo swine assay was utilised for the determination of arsenic (As) bioavailability in contaminated soils. Arsenic bioavailability was assessed using pharmacokinetic analysis encompassing area under the blood plasma–As concentration time curve following zero correction and dose normalisation. In contaminated soil studies, As uptake into systemic circulation was compared to an arsenate oral dose and expressed as relative As bioavailability. Arsenic bioavailability ranged from 6.9 ± 5.0% to 74.7 ± 11.2% in 12 contaminated soils collected from former railway corridors, dip sites, mine sites and naturally elevated gossan soils. Arsenic bioavailability was generally low in the gossan soils and highest in the railway soils, ranging from 12.1 ± 8.5% to 16.4 ± 9.1% and 11.2 ± 4.7% to 74.7 ± 11.2%, respectively. Comparison of in vivo and in vitro (Simplified Bioaccessibility Extraction Test [SBET]) data from the 12 contaminated soils and bioavailability data collected from an As spiked soil study demonstrated that As bioavailability and As bioaccessibility were linearly correlated (in vivo As bioavailability (mg kg−1) = 14.19 + 0.93 · SBET As bioaccessibility (mg kg−1); r2 = 0.92). The correlation between the two methods indicates that As bioavailability (in vivo) may be estimated using the less expensive, rapid in vitro chemical extraction method (SBET) to predict As exposure in human health risk assessment.
Keywords: Arsenic; Bioavailability; Bioaccessibility; In vivo; SBET; Swine
Description: Copyright © 2007 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020076281
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.018
Description (link): http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/362/description#description
Appears in Collections:Pathology publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.