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Type: Journal article
Title: A randomized controlled trial of two types of in-shoe orthoses in children with flexible excess pronation of the feet
Author: Whitford, D.
Esterman, A.
Citation: Foot & Ankle International, 2007; 28(6):715-723
Publisher: Amer Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Soc Inc
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 1071-1007
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Orthoses for children with flexible excess pronation are estimated to cost Australian parents millions of dollars per year; however, there is no high-level evidence that orthoses improve function or reduce pain. METHODS: A randomized parallel, single-blinded, controlled trial of custom-made and ready-made orthoses was conducted in children between the ages of 7 and 11 years with bilateral flexible excess pronation. The diagnosis was based on calcaneal eversion and navicular drop. Outcomes included gross motor proficiency, self-perception, exercise efficiency, and pain. Measurements were taken at baseline, and at 3 and 12 months. Of the 178 children who participated at baseline, 160 continued to the end of the trial. RESULTS: After randomization, baseline characteristics were similar between the three treatment groups (custom-made, ready-made, and control). Statistical modeling demonstrated that although for most outcome measures there were statistically significant trends over time, none of the group comparisons were statistically significant. A sub-group analysis of those presenting with pain found no significant differences at 3 or 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: This study found no evidence to justify the use of in-shoe orthoses in the management of flexible excess foot pronation in children.
Keywords: Humans; Foot Diseases; Range of Motion, Articular; Treatment Outcome; Single-Blind Method; Orthotic Devices; Pronation; Shoes; Child
RMID: 0020077302
DOI: 10.3113/FAI.2007.0715
Appears in Collections:General Practice publications

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