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|Title:||Manipulating perceptions of spider characteristics and predicted spider fear: Evidence for the cognitive vulnerability model of the etiology of fear|
|Citation:||Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2007; 21(5):691-703|
|Publisher:||Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd|
|Organisation:||Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health|
|Jason M. Armfield|
|Abstract:||The present study reports on an attempt to experimentally manipulate perceptions of uncontrollability, unpredictability and dangerousness related to an imaginal encounter with a spider in order to determine whether there is an effect on self-rated predicted spider fear. Experimental manipulations involved differing information in relation to both the spider and the imaginal task. The control, predictability and dangerousness manipulations all had significant main effects on task-related spider fear (TRSF). Measures of the perception of the spiders as uncontrollable, unpredictable and dangerous were also significantly associated with TRSF and accounted for 42% of the variance in predicted fear beyond that accounted for by the experimental manipulations. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for better understanding the etiology and maintenance of fear. The overall findings are consistent with the cognitive vulnerability model, with cognitive perceptions of an object or situation seen as causal determinants of the fear associated with the stimulus.|
|Keywords:||Fear; Cognitive vulnerability; Control; Predictability; Danger; Spider phobia|
|Description:||Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health publications|
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