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|Title:||Changes in HIV prevalence and sexual behavior among men who have sex with men in a northern Chinese city: 2002-2006|
|Citation:||Journal of Infection, 2007; 55(5):456-463|
|Publisher:||W B Saunders Co Ltd|
|Dapeng Zhang, Peng Bi, Fan lv, Jie Zhang and Janet E. Hiller|
|Abstract:||<h4>Objective</h4>To examine HIV prevalence and sexual behavior changes among MSM in Harbin.<h4>Methods</h4>Three community-based cross-sectional surveys among MSM were conducted based on the same protocol and methodology in 2002, 2004 and 2006 in Harbin, China. Men who were eligible were interviewed with a standard questionnaire. Urine samples were collected to screen their HIV status.<h4>Results</h4>Among the MSM in Harbin, an increased trend was observed towards more self-identifying as homosexual (from 58% to 80%) and more living with a male partner (from 12% to 41%) over the study period. Although there was a trend towards a reduction in the rate of never using a condom and an increase in the rate of always using condoms during anal sex in the past six months, the prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) was still at a high level (from 90% in 2002 to 72% in 2006). The HIV prevalence in 2006 (2.2%, 15/674) was higher than that in other study years, but no statistically significant change was detected.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Although an increase in condom use and a decline in drug use, STD infection and commercial sex have been monitored under current HIV prevention strategies, the MSM in Harbin is still highly vulnerable to HIV transmission given a high level of UAI and an increasing number of male sexual partners over the study period.|
|Keywords:||Urine; Humans; HIV Infections; Prevalence; Cross-Sectional Studies; Condoms; Sexual Behavior; Homosexuality, Male; Unsafe Sex; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; China; Male; Surveys and Questionnaires|
|Description:||Copyright © 2007 The British Infection Society Published by Elsevier Ltd.|
|Appears in Collections:||Public Health publications|
Environment Institute publications
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