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|Title:||Cost-effectiveness of letrozole versus tamoxifen as initial adjuvant therapy in hormone receptor-positive postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer|
|Citation:||Clinical Breast Cancer, 2007; 7(8):608-618|
|Publisher:||Cancer Information Group|
|Thomas E. Delea, Jon Karnon, Oleg Sofrygin, Simu K. Thomas, Natalie L. Papo, Victoria Barghout|
|Abstract:||Background: In Breast International Group (BIG) 1-98, a randomized, double-blind trial comparing 5 years of initial adjuvant therapy with letrozole versus tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer, letrozole significantly improved disease-free survival by 19% and reduced risk of breast cancer recurrence by 28% and distant recurrence by 27%. Patients and Methods: A Markov model was used to estimate the incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained with 5 years of initial adjuvant therapy with letrozole versus tamoxifen from a US health care system perspective. Probabilities and costs of breast cancer recurrence and treatment-related adverse events and health-state utilities were based on published results of BIG 1-98 and other published studies. Costs and QALYs were estimated over the lifetime of a cohort of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer, aged 60 years at initiation of therapy. In our base case, we assumed that benefits of letrozole on risk of breast cancer recurrence are maintained for 5 years after therapy discontinuation (“carry-over effect”) and examined the effects of this assumption on results in sensitivity analyses. Results: Under base-case assumptions, letrozole yields an additional 0.409 QALYs versus tamoxifen at an additional cost of $9705, yielding a cost per QALY gained for letrozole versus tamoxifen of $23,743 (95% confidence interval, $14,087-$51,129). Assuming no carry-over effects, letrozole yields 0.264 QALYs at a cost of $10,341, for a cost per QALY gained of $39,098 (95% confidence interval, $23,968-$83,501). Conclusion: In postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer, initial adjuvant treatment with letrozole is cost-effective from the US health care system perspective.|
|Keywords:||Carry-over effect, Life-year, Quality-adjusted life year|
|Appears in Collections:||Public Health publications|
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