Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/44828
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Type: Journal article
Title: Sensory transmission in the gastrointestinal tract
Author: Blackshaw, L.
Brookes, S.
Grundy, D.
Schemann, M.
Citation: Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 2007; 19 Suppl.(1):1-19
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 1350-1925
1365-2982
Statement of
Responsibility: 
L. A. Blackshaw, S. J. H. Brookes, D. Grundy & M. Schemann
Abstract: The gastrointestinal (GI) tract must balance ostensibly opposite functions. On the one hand, it must undertake the process of digestion and absorption of nutrients. At the same time, the GI tract must protect itself from potential harmful antigenic and pathogenic material. Central to these processes is the ability to ‘sense’ the mechanical and chemical environment in the gut wall and lumen in order to orchestrate the appropriate response that facilitates nutrient assimilation or the rapid expulsion through diarrhoea and/or vomiting. In this respect, the GI tract is richly endowed with sensory elements that monitor the gut environment. Enteric neurones provide one source of such sensory innervation and are responsible for the ability of the decentralized gut to perform complex reflex functions. Extrinsic afferents not only contribute to this reflex control, but also contribute to homeostatic mechanisms and can give rise to sensations, under certain circumstances. The enteric and extrinsic sensory mechanisms share a number of common features but also some remarkably different properties. The purpose of this review is to summarize current views on sensory processing within both the enteric and extrinsic innervation and to specifically address the pharmacology of nociceptive extrinsic sensory pathways.
Keywords: Gastrointestinal Tract; Visceral Afferents; Enteric Nervous System; Mechanoreceptors; Animals; Humans; Mechanotransduction, Cellular
Description: The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
RMID: 0020070098
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2006.00871.x
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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