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Type: Journal article
Title: Subduction zone volcanic ash can fertilize the surface ocean and stimulate phytoplankton growth: Evidence from biogeochemical experiments and satellite data
Author: Duggen, S.
Croot, P.
Schacht, U.
Hoffmann, L.
Citation: Geophysical Research Letters, 2007; 34(1):L01612-1-L01612-5
Publisher: Amer Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0094-8276
Statement of
Svend Duggen, Peter Croot, Ulrike Schacht and Linn Hoffmann
Abstract: Volcanoes confront Earth scientists with new fundamental questions: Can airborne volcanic ash release nutrients on contact with seawater, thereby excite the marine primary productivity (MPP); and, most notably, can volcanoes through oceanic fertilization affect the global climate in a way that is so far poorly understood? Here we present results from biogeochemical experiments showing that 1) volcanic ash from subduction zone volcanoes rapidly release an array of nutrients (co-)limiting algal growth in vast oceanic areas, 2) at a speed much faster (minute-scale) than hitherto known and that marine phytoplankton from low-iron oceanic areas can swiftly, within days, utilize iron from volcanic sources. We further present satellite data possibly indicating an increase of the MPP due to the seaward deposition of volcanic particulate matter. Our study supports the hypothesis that oceanic (iron) fertilization with volcanic ash may play a vital role for the development of the global climate.
Keywords: Subduction zone volcanism; oceanic fertilization; marine primary productivity; climate development.
Description: Article first published online: 13 JAN 2007
Rights: © 2007 American Geophysical Union
RMID: 0020080949
DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027522
Appears in Collections:Australian School of Petroleum publications

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