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Type: Journal article
Title: Q Fever vaccine uptake in South Australian meat processors prior to the introduction of the National Q Fever Management Program.
Author: Milazzo, A.
Featherstone, K.
Hall, R.
Citation: Communicable Disease Intelligence, 2005; 29(4):400-406
Publisher: Department of Health and Family Services
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0725-3141
Statement of
Adriana Milazzo, Kathryn B. Featherstone, Robert G. Hall
Abstract: Despite the availability of a vaccine, the incidence of Q fever disease among populations at risk continues to be high. Q fever is an important cause of morbidity for workers, particularly in the meat and agricultural industries. Following an increase in 1998 in the number of Q fever notifications among meat processors to the Communicable Disease Control Branch, South Australia, a survey was conducted in the same year to assess the uptake of Q fever immunisation programs in meat processors and to identify barriers to offering these programs. This survey was conducted prior to the introduction of the National Q Fever Management Program in 2001 that provided a targeted vaccination program to specific at-risk occupations. The results of the survey highlighted that very few meat processors in South Australia offered a Q fever immunisation program to their workers. More importantly, this article highlights that there was a wide variety of attitudes and beliefs about Q fever disease and its prevention. These attitudes and beliefs have the potential to impact on whether workers at risk are offered or seek Q fever vaccination. Previous attitudes may return and levels of protection in at-risk occupations will decrease without a concerted effort at a state level. A replication of this study should benchmark the prevailing attitudes about Q fever programs. In response to the 1998 survey a number of strategies and initiatives were developed to address the barriers to Q fever vaccination in South Australian meat processors. The National Q Fever Management Program (2001-2005) further enhanced the ability to address barriers such as vaccine cost.
Keywords: Humans; Q Fever; Occupational Diseases; Bacterial Vaccines; Occupational Exposure; Food Handling; Abattoirs; Immunization Programs; National Health Programs; South Australia
RMID: 0020081160
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