Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/46805
Citations
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
?
?
Type: Journal article
Title: Focal transcranial magnetic stimulation of motor cortex evokes bilateral and symmetrical silent periods in human masseter muscles
Author: Jaberzadeh, S.
Sakuma, S.
Zoghi, M.
Miles, T.
Nordstrom, M.
Citation: Clinical Neurophysiology, 2008; 119(3):693-703
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ireland Ltd
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 1388-2457
1872-8952
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Shapour Jaberzadeh, Shigemitsu Sakuma, Maryam Zoghi, Timothy S. Miles and Michael A. Nordstrom
Abstract: <h4>Objective</h4>To determine whether a single hemisphere exerts distinct inhibitory influences over masseter muscles on each side, and to compare features of the masseter cortical silent period (CSP) evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with previous reports from limb and other cranial muscles.<h4>Methods</h4>Focal TMS was applied over the motor cortex jaw area in 14 normal subjects. In one experiment, TMS intensity was constant (1.1 or 1.3x active motor threshold, T) and masseter muscle activation varied from 10% to 100% of maximal. In another experiment, muscle activation was constant (20% maximal) and TMS intensity varied from 0.7 to 1.3T.<h4>Results</h4>In all subjects, TMS evoked a silent period of similar duration in masseter muscles on both sides. Masseter CSP duration increased at higher TMS intensities, but was not affected by muscle activation level or the size of the excitatory response evoked by TMS. Weak TMS produced a bilateral CSP without short-latency excitation. The masseter CSP was short ( approximately 100ms at 1.3T), yet this was not due to maintenance of excitatory drive from the unstimulated hemisphere, as the masseter CSP was not prolonged with dual-hemisphere TMS.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Intracortical inhibitory circuits activated by TMS have a relatively weak effect on corticotrigeminal neurons supplying masseter, and effects are equivalent for corticobulbar efferents directed to contralateral and ipsilateral masseter motoneuron pools.<h4>Significance</h4>Trigeminally innervated masseter muscles exhibit weak, bilaterally symmetric inhibition following focal TMS. This method can be used to investigate abnormalities of intracortical inhibition in movement disorders or focal lesions affecting the masticatory muscles in humans.
Keywords: Masseter Muscle; Motor Cortex; Humans; Electromyography; Electric Stimulation; Differential Threshold; Reaction Time; Evoked Potentials, Motor; Muscle Contraction; Adult; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; Functional Laterality; Cortical Spreading Depression
Description: Copyright © 2007 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
RMID: 0020080381
DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2007.11.005
Description (link): http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/601528/description#description
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.