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Type: Journal article
Title: Trends in cigarette smoking in 36 populations from the early 1980s to the mid-1990s: Findings from the WHO MONICA Project
Author: Molarius, A.
Parsons, R. W.
Dobson, Annette J.
Evans, Alun E.
Fortmann, S. P.
Jamrozik, Konrad
Kuulasmaa, K.
Moltchanov, V.
Sans, S.
Tuomilehto, J.
Puska, P.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 2001; 91(2):206-212
Publisher: American Public Health Association
Issue Date: 2001
ISSN: 0090-0036
School/Discipline: School of Population Health and Clinical Practice
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: This report analyzes cigarette smoking over 10 years in populations in the World Health Organization (WHO) MONICA Project (to monitor trends and determinants of cardiovascular disease). METHODS: Over 300,000 randomly selected subjects aged 25 to 64 years participated in surveys conducted in geographically defined populations. RESULTS: For men, smoking prevalence decreased by more than 5% in 16 of the 36 study populations, remained static in most others, but increased in Beijing. Where prevalence decreased, this was largely due to higher proportions of never smokers in the younger age groups rather than to smokers quitting. Among women, smoking prevalence increased by more than 5% in 6 populations and decreased by more than 5% in 9 populations. For women, smoking tended to increase in populations with low prevalence and decrease in populations with higher prevalence; for men, the reverse pattern was observed. CONCLUSIONS: These data illustrate the evolution of the smoking epidemic in populations and provide the basis for targeted public health interventions to support the WHO priority for tobacco control.
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