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|Title:||Separating the effects of organic matter-mineral interactions and organic matter chemistry on the sorption of diuron and phenanthrene|
|Author:||Gholamalizadeh Ahangar, A.|
|Citation:||Chemosphere, 2008; 72(6):886-890|
|Publisher:||Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd|
|Abstract:||Even though it is well established that soil C content is the primary determinant of the sorption affinity of soils for non-ionic compounds, it is also clear that organic carbon-normalized sorption coefficients (K(OC)) vary considerably between soils. Two factors that may contribute to K(OC) variability are variations in organic matter chemistry between soils and interactions between organic matter and soil minerals. Here, we quantify these effects for two non-ionic sorbates-diuron and phenanthrene. The effect of organic matter-mineral interactions were evaluated by comparing K(OC) for demineralized (HF-treated) soils, with K(OC) for the corresponding whole soils. For diuron and phenanthrene, average ratios of K(OC) of the HF-treated soils to K(OC) of the whole soils were 2.5 and 2.3, respectively, indicating a substantial depression of K(OC) due to the presence of minerals in the whole soils. The effect of organic matter chemistry was determined by correlating K(OC) against distributions of C types determined using solid-state (13)C NMR spectroscopy. For diuron, K(OC) was positively correlated with aryl C and negatively correlated with O-alkyl C, for both whole and HF-treated soils, whereas for phenanthrene, these correlations were only present for the HF-treated soils. We suggest that the lack of a clear effect of organic matter chemistry on whole soil K(OC) for phenanthrene is due to an over-riding influence of organic matter-mineral interactions in this case. This hypothesis is supported by a correlation between the increase in K(OC) on HF-treatment and the soil clay content for phenanthrene, but not for diuron.|
|Keywords:||Aluminum Silicates; Humic Substances; Diuron; Phenanthrenes; Soil; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Adsorption; Models, Chemical; Clay|
|Description:||Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
Environment Institute publications
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