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|Title:||Variability of QT interval duration in obstructive sleep apnea: An indicator of disease severity|
|Citation:||Sleep, 2008; 31(7):959-966|
|Publisher:||Amer Academy Sleep Medicine|
|Abstract:||STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine OSA-related changes in variability of QT interval duration and in heart rate variability (HRV), and to evaluate the relationship of these parameters to disease severity. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of diagnostic sleep records. SETTINGS: Clinical sleep laboratory in a hospital setting. PATIENTS: Twenty patients (12 males and 8 females) without significant comorbidities who were undergoing polysomnography were studied. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Standard heart rate variability measures and QT variability (Berger algorithm) were computed over consecutive 5-minute ECG epochs throughout the night. The effect of sleep stage and the relationship between these parameters and the severity of OSA as determined by the respiratory disturbance index (RDI) were explored. Further, a linear regression model of QT variability was developed. Severity of OSA (RDI) was 49 +/- 28 (range from 17-107) events/ hr. QT variability was the only ECG measure significantly correlated with RDI (both log-transformed; r = 0.6, P = 0.006). Further, QT variability was correlated with the minimum oxygen saturation (r = -0.55, P = 0.01). Sleep stage showed a significant effect on HRV, but not on QT variability. In the regression model, RDI was the strongest predictor of QT variability (R2 increase 38%), followed by high and low frequency power of HRV (R2 increase 10% each). CONCLUSION: Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with changes in QT interval variability during sleep. The variance of beat-to-beat QT intervals correlates more strongly with the severity of OSA (as determined by RDI) than standard measures of heart rate variability, and is correlated with blood oxygenation, but not sleep stage.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Oxygen; Linear Models; Polysomnography; Sleep Stages; Heart Rate; Adult; Statistics as Topic; Middle Aged; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive; Electrocardiography; Female; Male|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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