Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/47943
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Type: Journal article
Title: Exchangeability of orthophosphate and pyrophosphate in soils: a double isotopic labelling study
Author: McBeath, T.
Lombi, E.
McLaughlin, M.
Buenemann, E.
Citation: Plant and Soil, 2009; 314(1-2):243-252
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publ
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0032-079X
1573-5036
Statement of
Responsibility: 
T. M. McBeath, E. Lombi, M. J. McLaughlin and E. K. Bünemann
Abstract: Liquid polyphosphate fertilisers have shown advantages in field experiments as a phosphorus (P) source for crops grown on calcareous soils. Polyphosphate fertilisers contain orthophosphate (oP), pyrophosphate (pP) and other condensed P species. A double labelling technique was developed using ion chromatography for separation of oP and pP, the major P species in polyphosphate fertilisers, in order to measure the isotopically exchangeable oP, pP and hydrolysed pP. Isotopically exchangeable P was measured in soils incubating for zero, three and 7 days after applying oP or pP to simulate a fertiliser band concentration at one g P kg−1 soil. The data from this incubation study suggest that pP addition initially resulted in less isotopically exchangeable P than oP addition but there was no significant difference in the total isotopically exchangeable P for the two different P sources after 7 days of incubation. The addition of pP to soil resulted in an increase in iron, aluminium and dissolved organic carbon in soil solution, and a decrease in calcium concentration in soil solution. This study has shown that the availability of P added as pP is governed by a complex series of processes that differ from the chemistry of oP reactions in soil.
Keywords: Fertilisers; Lability; Polyphosphate; Calcareous soils
RMID: 0020082661
DOI: 10.1007/s11104-008-9723-0
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/LP0454086
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

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