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Type: Journal article
Title: The functional correlates of older drivers' on-road driving test errors
Author: Baldock, M.
Berndt, A.
Mathias, J.
Citation: Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 2008; 24(3):204-223
Publisher: Aspen Publ Inc
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0882-7524
Organisation: Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR)
Statement of
Matthew R. J. Baldock, Angela Berndt and Jane L. Mathias
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the functional deficits that predict particular types of driving difficulties among older drivers. A sample of 90 drivers 60 years and older completed a battery of functional (psychological, visual, physical, cognitive, and attentional) tests and a standardized on-road driving test. Driving errors were classified into a set of 7 distinct categories (positioning, gap selection, incorrect speed, observation, speed of approach, mirror, and indicator), and correlation and regression analyses were used to determine the best functional predictors of specific error types. As expected, functional deficits were more strongly related to some error types (eg, positioning errors) than others (eg, failure to indicate). Measures of visual attention were associated with a broad range of error types, and particularly, with errors prompting an intervention from the driving instructor, suggesting that a deficit in visual attention is a key indicator of the likelihood of driving problems. Errors in speed of approach to intersections or before undertaking driving maneuvers appear to be related to problems with vision. Key words: aged, attention, automobile driving, fitness to drive vision
Keywords: Aged driver
Rights: Copyright © 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. All rights reserved
DOI: 10.1097/01.TGR.0000333754.90550.b5
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 6
Centre for Automotive Safety Research publications

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