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Type: Journal article
Title: Neck strain in car occupants: injury status after 6 months and crash-related factors
Author: Ryan, G.
Taylor, G.
Moore, V.
Dolinis, J.
Citation: Injury: International Journal of the Care of the Injured, 1994; 25(8):533-537
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Issue Date: 1994
ISSN: 0020-1383
Organisation: Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR)
Statement of
G.A. Ryan, G.W. Taylor, V.M. Moore and J. Dolinis
Abstract: In this study, 29 individuals who sustained a neck strain as a result of a car crash were drawn from a group of physiotherapy and general practices and were followed up after 6 months. The aim was to examine relationships between the state of the neck injury at the time of follow up and crash-related factors, notably crash severity and occupant awareness. Crash severity was assessed by measurement of damage to the involved vehicles, while 6-month injury status was established through physical examinations and interviews. No statistically significant associations between crash severity and 6-month injury status were found, but subjects who were unaware of the impending collision had a greatly increased likelihood of experiencing persisting symptoms of and/or signs of neck strain, compared with those who were aware (odds RATIO = 15.0; 95 per cent confidence limits: 1.8, 178). While the role of crash severity in the production and duration of neck strains remains unclear, awareness appears to have a strong protective influence and may prove to be a useful prognostic indicator in clinical settings.
Keywords: Neck Muscles
Sprains and Strains
Follow-Up Studies
Accidents, Traffic
Middle Aged
Physical Therapy Modalities
Description: Copyright © 1994 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/0020-1383(94)90096-5
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Centre for Automotive Safety Research publications

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