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|Title:||Vehicle travel speeds and the incidence of fatal pedestrian collisions|
|Publisher:||Federal Office of Road Safety, Transport and Communiations|
|Organisation:||Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR)|
|A.J. McLean, R.W.G. Anderson, M.J.B. Farmer, B.H. Lee & C.G. Brooks|
|Abstract:||The aim of this study by the NHMRC Road Accident Research unit was to estimate the likely effect on pedestrian fatalities of a reduction in vehicle travelling speed. Results were based on detailed investigations of 176 fatal pedestrian collisions in the Adelaide area between 1983 and 1991. Estimates were developed for a range of speed reduction scenarios. The study found that a reduction of 5 km/h in vehicle travelling speeds in the Adelaide area could be expected to result in a reduction of 30% of the incidence of fatal pedestrian collisions. Under this scenario 10% of the collisions would have been avoided altogether. Volume 1 of this report contains detailed findings for each speed reduction scenario along with a description of the method used and supporting references. Volume ll contains the details of all 176 cases.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Alcoholic Intoxication; Wounds and Injuries; Ethanol; Models, Statistical; Probability; Risk Factors; Accidents, Traffic; Acceleration; Urban Population; Australia|
|Appears in Collections:||Centre for Automotive Safety Research reports|
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