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|Title:||Review of in-depth crash research|
|Author:||Ryan, Gerald Anthony|
|Publisher:||Federal Office of Road Safety, Transport and Communiations|
|Organisation:||Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR)|
|G. A. Ryan and A. J. McLean|
|Abstract:||Reports of in-depth crash studies from Australia, UK, Europe and the USA were reviewed. Suucessful studies were found to have defined and explicit objectives, a sound statistical design, apprpriate analysis, and a substantial report which was related to the objectives of the study. On-scene studies gather transient information, and allow development of insight into the crash process; follow-up studies are more convenient, but at the cost of lost information. The resources required for each are similar. Apart from a small rural study near Adelaide, there has been no field study of crash performance of vehicles in Australia since 1977. There is a need for a system for continual monitoring of the effects of changes in vehicles and the environment on injuries and the crash process. This should be done through on-scene studies of rural and urban crashes, and through a system of augmented police reports.|
|Keywords:||on the spot accident investigation; method; accident; research; rural-area; urban-area; international; evaluation (assessment).|
|Appears in Collections:||Centre for Automotive Safety Research reports|
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