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Type: Journal article
Title: Evolution of the mane and group-living in the lion (Panthera leo): a review
Author: Yamaguchi, N.
Cooper, A.
Werdelin, L.
Macdonald, D.
Citation: Journal of Zoology, 2004; 263(4):329-342
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 0952-8369
Statement of
Nobuyuki Yamaguchi, Alan Cooper, Lars Werdelin and David W. Macdonald
Abstract: The evolutionary history of the lion Panthera leo began in Pliocene east Africa, as open habitats expanded towards the end of the Cenozoic. During the middle–late Pleistocene, lions spread to most parts of Eurasia, North America, and may have eventually reached as far south as Peru. Lions probably evolved group-living behaviour before they expanded out of Africa, and this trait is likely to have prevailed in subsequent populations. The first lions were presumed to have been maneless, and maneless forms seem to have persisted in Europe, and possibly the New World, until around 10 000 years ago. The maned form may have appeared c. 320 000–190 000 years ago, and may have had a selective advantage that enabled it to expand to replace the range of earlier maneless forms throughout Africa and western Eurasia by historic times: ‘latest wave hypothesis’.
Keywords: evolution; Felidae; Panthera atrox; Panthera leo spelaea; Pleistocene
Description: Article first published online: 28 FEB 2006
Rights: © 2004 The Zoological Society of London
RMID: 0020084793
DOI: 10.1017/S0952836904005242
Published version:
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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