Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/49785
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Type: Journal article
Title: Selenium speciation and bioavailability in biofortified products using species-unspecific isotope dilution and reverse phase ion paidng-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry
Author: Kirby, J.
Lyons, G.
Karkkainen, M.
Citation: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2008; 56(5):1772-1779
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0021-8561
1520-5118
Statement of
Responsibility: 
J. K. Kirby, G. H. Lyons and M. P. Karkkainen
Abstract: In some regions of the world, where the bioavailability of selenium (Se) in soil is low and/or declining (e.g., due to use of high-sulfur fertilizers), there is increased risk of adverse affects on animals and human health. In recent years, increased research attention has focused on understanding the relationships between Se contents in foods and supplements and their nutritional benefits for animal and humans. The objective of this study was to use a species-unspecific isotope dilution and reverse phase ion pairing-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry techniques for the identification and quantification of Se species in biofortified grains (i.e., wheat and triticale), flour, and wheat biscuits. The information on Se species was used to gain an understanding of the bioavailability of Se in biofortified and process-fortified wheat biscuits used in a clinical trail. The major Se species identified in biofortified and process-fortified samples were selenomethionine (76-85%) and selenomethionine selenoxide (51-60%), respectively. Total plasma Se concentrations in the biofortified Se exposure group were found to increase throughout the 6 month trial period (mean=122 microg L(-1) at 0 months to 194 microg L(-1) at 6 months). In contrast, the trial group exposed to process-fortified Se biscuits showed little increase in mean total Se plasma concentrations until 4 months of exposure (mean=122 microg L(-1) at 0 months to 140 microg L(-1) at 4 months) that remained constant until the end of the trial period (mean=140 microg L(-1) at 4 months to 138 microg L(-1) at 6 months). The difference in total Se plasma concentrations may be due to the presence and bioavailability of different Se species in biofortified and process-fortified biscuits. An understanding of Se speciation in foods enables better understanding of pathways and their potential benefits for animals and humans.
Keywords: Humans; Triticum; Cereals; Selenium; Selenomethionine; Soil; Biological Availability; Intestinal Absorption; Food, Fortified; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Mass Spectrometry
Description: Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society
RMID: 0020080330
DOI: 10.1021/jf073030v
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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