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Type: Journal article
Title: The looming maladaptive style in social anxiety
Author: Brown, M.
Stopa, L.
Citation: Behavior Therapy, 2008; 39(1):57-64
Publisher: Assoc Adv Behavior Therapy
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0005-7894
Statement of
Michael A. Brown and Lusia Stopa
Abstract: This exploratory study examined the relationship between the looming maladaptive style (i.e., an enduring and traitlike cognitive pattern to appraise threat as rapidly rising in risk, progressively worsening, or actively speeding up and accelerating) and three different aspects of trait social anxiety (i.e., fear of negative evaluation, social interaction anxiety, and public scrutiny fears) as well as general anxiety and depression. A large nonclinical, female-only sample (n = 152) completed the Looming Maladaptive Style Questionnaire–II (Riskind, J. H., Williams, N. L., Theodore, L. G., Chrosniak, L. D., & Cortina, J. M. (2000). The looming maladaptive style: Anxiety, danger, and schematic processing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 837–852), which assesses two types of looming vulnerability: social (i.e., looming appraisals in response to potentially threatening social situations) and physical (i.e., looming appraisals in response to potentially threatening physical stimuli). Multiple regression analyses indicated that social looming uniquely predicted fear of negative evaluation, social interaction anxiety, and public scrutiny fears, accounting for 7%, 4%, and 3% of the variance, respectively. However, social looming did not predict depression. These findings support the looming model of anxiety and encourage further attention to the possible role of social looming as an anxiety-specific vulnerability factor in social anxiety.
Keywords: Humans
Risk Assessment
Regression Analysis
Adaptation, Psychological
Social Adjustment
Phobic Disorders
Models, Psychological
Middle Aged
Description: Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
DOI: 10.1016/j.beth.2007.04.004
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