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|Title:||Fractal landscape method an alternative approach to measuring area-restricted searching behavior|
|Citation:||Journal of Experimental Biology, 2007; 210(6):935-945|
|Publisher:||Company of Biologists Ltd|
|Yann Tremblay, Antony J. Roberts and Daniel P. Costa|
|Abstract:||Quantifying spatial and temporal patterns of prey searching is of primary importance for understanding animals' critical habitat and foraging specialization. In patchy environments, animals forage by exhibiting movement patterns consisting of area-restricted searching (ARS) at various scales. Here, we present a new method, the fractal landscape method, which describes the peaks and valleys of fractal dimension along the animal path. We describe and test the method on simulated tracks, and quantify the effect of track inaccuracies. We show that the ARS zones correspond to the peaks from this fractal landscape and that the method is near error-free when analyzing high-resolution tracks, such as those obtained using the Global Positioning System (GPS). When we used tracks of lower resolution, such as those obtained with the Argos system, 9.6-16.3% of ARS were not identified, and 1-25% of the ARS were found erroneously. The later type of error can be partially flagged and corrected. In addition, track inaccuracies erroneously increased the measured ARS size by a factor of 1.2 to 2.2. Regardless, the majority of the times and locations were correctly flagged as being in or out of ARS (from 83.8 to 89.5% depending on track quality). The method provides a significant new tool for studies of animals' foraging behavior and habitat selection, because it provides a method to precisely quantify each ARS separately, which is not possible with existing methods.|
|Keywords:||Fractal dimension; fractal landscape; elephant seal; albatross, foraging; prey-searching strategy; tracking; Argos; top predator; area-restricted search|
|Description:||© The Company of Biologists Ltd 2007|
|Appears in Collections:||Mathematical Sciences publications|
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