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Type: Journal article
Title: Murray James Barrett, dental anthropologist: Yuendumu and beyond
Author: Rogers, J.
Townsend, G.
Brown, T.
Citation: HOMO: journal of comparative human biology, 2009; 60(4):295-306
Publisher: Urban & Fischer Verlag
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0018-442X
Statement of
J. R. Rogers, G. C. Townsend, T. Brown
Abstract: Murray James Barrett (1916-1975) graduated from the University of Adelaide's Bachelor of Dental Surgery programme in 1939 and subsequently became a colleague of Professor Thomas Draper Campbell (1893-1967). Campbell's passion for dental anthropology and his special interest in food habits and dental disease inspired Barrett to commence a longitudinal growth study in the 1960s of Aboriginal Australians living at Yuendumu in the Northern Territory of Australia. This study, referred to as the Dentgro project, involved the collection of dental records, growth data and cultural information about the Wailbri people. Murray Barrett's application of computer technology enabled him to automate the entry of data derived from the Dentgro study and to develop programmes to analyse those data. The collection of dental casts (over 1700 serial casts for more than 450 individuals) and other records have provided a unique resource for research and teaching purposes. The casts have been in constant use for over 40 years providing insights into many aspects of dental development, including: the timing and sequence of tooth emergence; the nature and extent of variation in dental crown size and morphology in human populations; the patterns of growth in the dental arches over time; the range of occlusal variation between individuals; and the effects of wear on the dentition. The Yuendumu cast collection, representing a population with limited exposure to European customs and dietary habits, continues to attract the Adelaide School of Dentistry many interstate and overseas researchers interested in genetic and environmental influences on human dental development.
Keywords: Humans
Stomatognathic Diseases
Anthropology, Physical
History, 20th Century
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
Description: © 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchb.2009.03.002
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Dentistry publications

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