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Type: Journal article
Title: Direct Comparison between Visible Near- and Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy for Describing Diuron Sorption in Soils
Author: Forouzangohar, M.
Cozzolino, D.
Kookana, R.
Smernik, R.
Forrester, S.
Chittleborough, D.
Citation: Environmental Science and Technology (Washington), 2009; 43(11):4049-4055
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0013-936X
Statement of
Mohsen Forouzangohar, Daniel Cozzolino, Rai S. Kookana, Ronald J. Smernik, Sean T. Forrester and David J. Chittleborough
Abstract: Both visible near-infrared (VNIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy have been claimed to better predict pesticide sorption in soils than other methods. We compared the performances of VNIR and MIR spectroscopy for predicting both organic carbon content (foc) and the sorption affinity (Kd) of diuron in 112 surface soils from South Australia. Separate calibration models were developed between VNIR and MIR spectra, and foc and Kd using partial least-squares (PLS) regression. MIR clearly outperformed VNIR for predictions of both foc and Kd in soils. Correlation (R2) and accuracy (RPD) indices were 0.4 and 1.3 for the VNIR-PLS model versus 0.8 and 2.3 for the MIR-PLS model, respectively, for Kd prediction. PLS loadings for sorption prediction were compared in terms of the soil information they contained. While VNIR loading did not include any direct spectral information regarding soil minerals, MIR loading included peaks associated with sand, clays, and carbonates. Perhaps by better predicting foc and integrating the effects of OC as well as minerals, the MIR-PLS model provided a better prediction for diuron Kd values in our calibration set.
Keywords: Diuron
Soil Pollutants
Spectrophotometry, Infrared
Description: Copyright © 2009 American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/es8029945
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

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