Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/51456
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Type: Journal article
Title: Modelling survival in acute severe illness: Cox versus accelerated failure time models
Author: Moran, J.
Bersten, A.
Solomon, P.
Edibam, C.
Hunt, T.
Citation: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 2008; 14(1):83-93
Publisher: Blackwell Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 1356-1294
1365-2753
Statement of
Responsibility: 
John L. Moran, Andrew D. Bersten, Patricia J. Solomon, Cyrus Edibam, Tamara Hunt and The Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>The Cox model has been the mainstay of survival analysis in the critically ill and time-dependent covariates have infrequently been incorporated into survival analysis.<h4>Objectives</h4>To model 28-day survival of patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and compare the utility of Cox and accelerated failure time (AFT) models.<h4>Methods</h4>Prospective cohort study of 168 adult patients enrolled at diagnosis of ALI in 21 adult ICUs in three Australian States with measurement of survival time, censored at 28 days. Model performance was assessed as goodness-of-fit [GOF, cross-products of quantiles of risk and time intervals (P > or = 0.1), Cox model] and explained variation ('R2', Cox and ATF).<h4>Results</h4>Over a 2-month study period (October-November 1999), 168 patients with ALI were identified, with a mean (SD) age of 61.5 (18) years and 30% female. Peak mortality hazard occurred at days 7-8 after onset of ALI/ARDS. In the Cox model, increasing age and female gender, plus interaction, were associated with an increased mortality hazard. Time-varying effects were established for patient severity-of-illness score (decreasing hazard over time) and multiple-organ-dysfunction score (increasing hazard over time). The Cox model was well specified (GOF, P > 0.34) and R2 = 0.546, 95% CI: 0.390, 0.781. Both log-normal (R2 = 0.451, 95% CI: 0.321, 0.695) and log-logistic (R2 0.470, 95% CI: 0.346, 0.714) AFT models identified the same predictors as the Cox model, but did not demonstrate convincingly superior overall fit.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Time dependence of predictors of survival in ALI/ARDS exists and must be appropriately modelled. The Cox model with time-varying covariates remains a flexible model in survival analysis of patients with acute severe illness.
Keywords: accelerated failure time models
acute respiratory failure
Cox regression
survival analysis
time-varying covariates
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2007.00806.x
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Mathematical Sciences publications

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