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|Title:||Enhancing the biofiltration of geosmin by seeding sand filter columns with a consortium of geosmin-degrading bacteria|
|Citation:||Water Research, 2009; 43(2):433-440|
|Publisher:||Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd|
|Bridget McDowall, Daniel Hoefel, Gayle Newcombe, Christopher P. Saint, Lionel Ho|
|Abstract:||Geosmin is a secondary metabolite that can be produced by many species of cyanobacteria and Actinomycetes. It imparts a musty/earthy taste and odour to drinking water which can result in consumer complaints and a general perception that there is a problem with the water quality. As geosmin is recalcitrant to conventional water treatment, processes are sought to ensure effective removal of this compound from potable water. Biological filtration (biofiltration) is an attractive option for geosmin removal as this compound has been shown to be biodegradable. However, effective biofiltration of geosmin can be site specific as it is highly dependent upon the types of organism present and there is often an extended acclimation period before efficient removals are achieved. We report here, a novel approach to enhance the biofiltration of geosmin by seeding sand filter columns with a bacterial consortium previously shown to be capable of effectively degrading geosmin. Geosmin removals of up to 75% were evident through sand columns which had been inoculated with the geosmin-degrading bacteria, when compared with non-inoculated sand columns where geosmin removals were as low as 25%. These low geosmin removals through the non-inoculated sand columns are consistent with previous studies and were attributed to physical/abiotic losses. The presence of an existing biofilm was shown to influence geosmin removal, as the biofilm allowed for greater attachment of the geosmin-degrading consortium (as determined by an ATP assay), and enhanced removals of geosmin. Minimal difference in geosmin removal was observed when the geosmin-degrading bacteria were inoculated into the sand columns containing either an active or inactive biofilm.|
|Keywords:||ATP assay; Biofilm; Biological filtration (biofiltration); Consortium; Geosmin; Inoculation; Seeding; Water treatment|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering publications|
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