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Type: Journal article
Title: Impact of dental care on oral health-related quality of life and treatment goals among elderly adults
Author: Gagliardi, D.
Slade, G.
Sanders, A.
Citation: Australian Dental Journal, 2008; 53(1):26-33
Publisher: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0045-0421
Statement of
D.I. Gagliardi, G.D. Slade, A.E. Sanders
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>General dental care can effectively control disease and restore damaged tissue, yet little is known about its impact on patients' subjective oral health, namely treatment goals and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate change in both aspects of subjective oral health among elderly adults receiving publicly-funded, general dental care.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted a prospective, single-group intervention study of adults aged 75+ years receiving care through the South Australian Dental Service (SADS). Before receiving dental care, subjects completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire which evaluates OHRQoL. In this questionnaire, subjects rated the extent to which they had attained a self-nominated oral health goal. Dentists provided standard-of-care treatment and six months later the OHIP-14 and goal attainment questions were re-administered.<h4>Results</h4>Among the 253 adults studied, overall improvements in OHRQoL were observed (p < 0.05), although the effect was dependent on pre-treatment goal: mean OHIP-14 scores did not change significantly for subjects whose goal was less pain/discomfort while significant improvements were observed for subjects with other treatment goals. In contrast, mean goal attainment ratings improved significantly (P < 0.05), regardless of treatment goal categories.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Dental care was associated with improvements in subjective oral health, although different patterns of improvement were observed for OHRQoL compared with goal attainment ratings.
Keywords: Oral health-related quality of life; dental care; goal attainment; elderly.
RMID: 0020080386
DOI: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2007.00005.x
Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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