Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Scopus Web of ScienceĀ® Altmetric
Type: Journal article
Title: Smoking-attributable periodontal disease in the Australian adult population
Author: Do, L.
Slade, G.
Roberts-Thomson, K.
Sanders, A.
Citation: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 2008; 35(5):398-404
Publisher: Blackwell Munksgaard
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0303-6979
Statement of
Loc G. Do, Gary D. Slade, Kaye F. Roberts-Thomson and Anne E. Sanders
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>The extent to which periodontitis is attributable to smoking in Australia has not been examined.<h4>Objectives</h4>To investigate the smoking-periodontitis relationship and to estimate the public health impact of smoking on periodontitis in Australia.<h4>Material and methods</h4>The National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006 collected nationally representative oral epidemiologic data for the Australian adult population. Examiners measured probing pocket depth (PPD) and gingival recession at three sites per tooth to compute clinical attachment level (CAL). Moderate-severe cases were defined as having: >/=2 interproximal sites (not on same tooth) with >/=4 mm CAL or with >/=5 mm PPD. Smoking status was defined as never-, former- or current-smoker. Current-smokers were further classified into light-, moderate- or heavy-smoker using calculated pack-years. Age, sex and socioeconomic position were examined as potential confounders.<h4>Results</h4>Twenty-three per cent were former-smokers and 15% were current-smokers. Prevalence of periodontitis was 23%. In unadjusted analyses, former- and current-smokers had significantly higher periodontitis prevalence than never-smokers. Relative to non-smokers, adjusted prevalence ratios (95% confidence interval) for periodontitis were as follows: former-smokers: 1.22 (1.03-1.46), moderate-smokers: 1.63 (1.16-2.30); and heavy-smokers: 1.64 (1.27-2.12). The population attributable fraction of smoking for moderate-severe periodontitis was 32% (equivalent to 700,000 adults).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Smoking has a significant impact on periodontal health of the Australian adults.
Keywords: Australia
population attributable fraction
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01223.x
Published version:
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Dentistry publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.