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|Title:||Screening for depression and anxiety in spinal cord injury with DASS-21|
|Citation:||Spinal Cord, 2008; 46(8):547-551|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
|MC Mitchell, NR Burns and DS Dorstyn|
|Abstract:||Study design: Comparison of two self-report instruments with a structured diagnostic interview. Objective: To investigate the properties of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) in patients with spinal cord injuries. Setting: South Australian Spinal Cord Injuries Service, Hampstead Rehabilitation Centre, Northfield, South Australia. Methods: Forty paraplegic or tetraplegic patients participated. Two self-report measures, DASS-21 and Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), assessed Depression, Anxiety and Stress. These measures were compared with each other and with diagnoses based on the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Results: Mean scores on both self-report measures were below clinical threshold levels. Prevalence rates of anxiety and depression were higher on DASS-21 than on BSI. DASS-21 was as sensitive as BSI, but had lower specificity to detect anxiety and depression. Conclusion: DASS-21 is a promising screening measure for patients with spinal cord injury in a rehabilitation setting. It has greater sensitivity for identifying those with possible anxiety disorders than it does for those with depressive disorders.|
|Keywords:||depression; anxiety; stress; spinal cord injury|
|Description:||Copyright © 2008 International Spinal Cord Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology publications|
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