Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/52088
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Type: Journal article
Title: Screening for depression and anxiety in spinal cord injury with DASS-21
Author: Mitchell, M.
Burns, N.
Dorstyn, D.
Citation: Spinal Cord, 2008; 46(8):547-551
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 1362-4393
1476-5624
Statement of
Responsibility: 
MC Mitchell, NR Burns and DS Dorstyn
Abstract: Study design: Comparison of two self-report instruments with a structured diagnostic interview. Objective: To investigate the properties of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) in patients with spinal cord injuries. Setting: South Australian Spinal Cord Injuries Service, Hampstead Rehabilitation Centre, Northfield, South Australia. Methods: Forty paraplegic or tetraplegic patients participated. Two self-report measures, DASS-21 and Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), assessed Depression, Anxiety and Stress. These measures were compared with each other and with diagnoses based on the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Results: Mean scores on both self-report measures were below clinical threshold levels. Prevalence rates of anxiety and depression were higher on DASS-21 than on BSI. DASS-21 was as sensitive as BSI, but had lower specificity to detect anxiety and depression. Conclusion: DASS-21 is a promising screening measure for patients with spinal cord injury in a rehabilitation setting. It has greater sensitivity for identifying those with possible anxiety disorders than it does for those with depressive disorders.
Keywords: depression; anxiety; stress; spinal cord injury
Description: Copyright © 2008 International Spinal Cord Society
RMID: 0020081989
DOI: 10.1038/sj.sc.3102154
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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