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Type: Journal article
Title: South Australian adolescent ophthalmic sun protective behaviours
Author: Pakrou, N.
Casson, R.
Fung, S.
Ferdowsi, N.
Lee, G.
Selva-Nayagam, D.
Citation: Eye, 2008; 22(6):808-814
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0950-222X
Statement of
N Pakrou, R Casson, S Fung, N Ferdowsi, G Lee and D Selva
Abstract: Aims To study student's knowledge of the effects of sunlight on the eyes, as well as their sun protective behaviours. Methods In total, 40 students aged 13–18 years were surveyed in South Australia, during August–September 2004, using a standardized previously used survey. Scores were calculated regarding knowledge about ultraviolet light, sunlight effects on eyes, as well as eye and body protection. Risk factor scores were produced for each student. The data were analysed by the analysis of variance (ANOVA), as well as the Cochran–Mantel–Haenszel methods. Results were compared to the same survey conducted in 1995 in Queensland Australia. Results This group demonstrated a moderate level of knowledge, similar to the 1995 survey. Students in the older age groups demonstrated significantly higher knowledge. The majority of students (74% ) owned a pair of sunglasses; however, 44.5% almost never wore their glasses. The reported frequency of wearing sunglasses was significantly related to advertising, believing sunglasses protect the eyes, as well as personal, family, and peer attitudes towards wearing sunglasses. Conclusion The results of our survey suggest no significant change in knowledge and behaviours of students, compared to the 1995 survey. We feel it is imperative that adolescents be made more aware of the damaging effects of sunlight and the benefits of eye protection. Health promotion campaigns should target the youth and consider that as a group, they are significantly influenced by the media, peers, and family attitudes.
Keywords: adolescent health
sun protection
ophthalmic protection
eye protection
ultraviolet light
Rights: © 2008 Nature Publishing Group All rights reserved
DOI: 10.1038/sj.eye.6702619
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 5
Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications

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