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|Title:||Day 4 embryo selection is equal to Day 5 using a new embryo scoring system validated in single embryo transfers|
|Citation:||Human Reproduction, 2008; 23(7):1505-1510|
|Publisher:||Oxford Univ Press|
|Deanne Feil, Richard C. Henshaw and Michelle Lane|
|Abstract:||<h4>Background</h4>Single embryo transfers (SETs) require the most viable embryo from a cohort to be selected. Day 4 embryos may provide a selection advantage similar to blastocyst transfer as embryos are replaced post-embryonic genome activation and into the uterus where they would normally reside. However, there is currently no adequate morphological system to assess Day 4 embryos. Therefore, we developed an assessment system for Day 4 embryos and retrospectively assessed Day 4 SET success rates compared with Day 5 SETs.<h4>Methods</h4>Embryos (n = 996 after IVF or ICSI) were assessed on Day 4 of development, prior to implementing Day 4 embryo transfers, to obtain a descriptive range of embryo morphologies observed at this time point. A morphological scoring system was developed from this. All patients having an SET after extended culture (Day 4, n = 124 or Day 5, n = 193), at Repromed, Adelaide, Australia, during June 2006-January 2007 were analysed for pregnancy outcome. Ongoing pregnancy was determined by fetal cardiac activity at 6-8 weeks after oocyte collection.<h4>Results</h4>Day 4 and 5 SETs resulted in similar ongoing pregnancy rates of 38.7% and 32.1%, respectively.<h4>Conclusions</h4>A Day 4 scoring system was successfully developed and implemented. Day 4 SETs were found to be a viable option or alternative to Day 5 SETs with no difference in pregnancy rates.|
|Keywords:||single embryo transfer; blastocyst culture; embryo selection; IVF; ICSI|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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